On Oct. 31 the Fédération Equestre Internationale (FEI) announced two adverse analytical findings involving two equine prohibited substances.

The cases involve banned substances under the FEI’s Equine Anti-Doping and Controlled Medication Regulations (EADCMRs). The athletes have been provisionally suspended from the date of notification until the FEI Tribunal renders its decisions. The horses have been provisionally suspended for two months:

Horse: Caipirina
Person Responsible: Juan Pablo Garcia Salgado (COL)
Event: CIC1* at Bonza (COL), Sept. 20-22, 2018
Prohibited substances: Boldenone and boldenone undecylenate (both anabolic-androgenic steroids) and ractopamine (a beta adrenoceptor agonist which, according to the FEI Equine Prohibited Substance Database, has been shown to improve growth in pigs; it is not approved for use in equids)
Date of notification: Oct. 30, 2018

Horse: Bardolina 2
Person Responsible: Mario Deslauriers (CAN)
Event: CSIO5* Nations Cup Final at Barcelona (ESP), Oct. 05-07, 2018
Prohibited Substance: O-desmethylvenlafaxine (a metabolite of venlafaxine; an antidepressant agent, categorized as a serotonin and noradrenaline re-uptake inhibitor; in humans it is used to treat major depression and generalized anxiety disorders, according to the FEI Equine Prohibited Substance Database)
Date of notification: Oct. 30, 2018

Additional details on these cases are available at inside.fei.org/system/files/Table%20of%20Suspensions_1.pdf.

The FEI Prohibited Substances List is divided into two sections: controlled medication and banned substances. Controlled medications are those that are regularly used to treat horses, but which must have been cleared from the horse’s system by the time of competition. Banned (doping) substances should never be found in the body of the horse. In the case of an adverse analytical finding for a banned substance, the person responsible is automatically provisionally suspended from the date of notification (except in certain cases involving banned substances which are also specified substances). The horse is suspended for two months. Information on all substances is available on the searchable FEI Equine Prohibited Substances Database.

The FEI introduced the specified substance concept in 2016. These substances should not in any way be considered less important or less dangerous than other prohibited substances (banned or controlled). Rather, they are substances more likely to have been ingested by horses for a purpose other than the enhancement of sport performance, for example, through contaminated food.