Three Texas Horses Confirmed With EIA
The Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC) has confirmed three more horses—one Quarter Horse from Travis County and two horses from Harris County—with equine infectious anemia (EIA). Both Harris County horses reside on the same premises.

Both premises’ owners and local veterinarians are working with TAHC staff to implement biosecurity protocols and monitor potentially exposed horses. Those premises will remain under quarantine until they meet TAHC requirements.

Texas’ first confirmed case of EIA occurred in March in Kleberg County.

About EIA

Equine infectious anemia is a viral disease that attacks horses’ immune systems. The virus is transmitted through the exchange of body fluids from an infected to an uninfected animal, often by blood-feeding insects such as horseflies. It can also be transmitted through the use of blood-contaminated instruments or needles.

Coggins test screens horses’ blood for antibodies that are indicative of the presence of the EIA virus. Most U.S. states require horses to have proof of a negative Coggins test to travel across state lines.

Once an animal is infected with EIA, it is infected for life and can be a reservoir for the spread of disease. Not all horses show signs of disease, but those that do can exhibit:

  • Progressive condition loss;
  • Muscle weakness;
  • Poor stamina;
  • Fever;
  • Depression; and
  • Anemia.

EIA has no vaccine and no cure. A horse diagnosed with the disease dies, is euthanized, or must be placed under extremely strict quarantine conditions (at least 200 yards away from unaffected equids) for the rest of his life.