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Milt Toby, JD

Milt Toby is an author and attorney who has been writing about horses and legal issues affecting the equine industry for more than 40 years. Former Chair of the Kentucky Bar Association's Equine Law Section, Milt has written eight nonfiction books, including national award winners Dancer’s Image and Noor. He teaches Equine Commercial Law in the University of Louisville's Equine Industry Program.

Articles by Milt Toby, JD

Possible Deadline for CEM Lawsuits

Horse owners whose animals were affected by a contagious equine metritis (CEM) outbreak during the 2009 breeding season might have the option of filing a lawsuit for damages against the USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). Agencies of the federal government generally are immune to lawsuits under the principle of sovereign immunity, but there are a few limited exceptions.

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Bankruptcy Myths

“Steal a little and they throw you in jail,” Bob Dylan wrote a few years ago, “steal a lot and they make you king.” In today’s economy that means you receive a huge government bailout if you accumulate billions in debt and are “too big to fail,” but for everyone else, you’re on your own. Bankruptcy might be the only viable alternative for many individuals and businesses, horse owners among them.

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Thoroughbred Breeder Gets Maximum Sentence for Neglect

Citing a “failure to recognize” bad acts and a “lack of remorse,” Judge George J. Pulver Jr. on May 18 handed down the maximum possible sentence to prominent Thoroughbred owner and breeder Ernest Paragallo. Convicted on 33 counts of animal neglect, a Class A misdemeanor, Paragallo was sentenced to two years in jail and ordered to pay fines totaling $33,000 ($1,000 for eac

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