24 California Horses Test Positive for EIA

Animal health officials reported the confirmed cases and exposed horses were in Tulare County.
Share
Favorite
Please login

No account yet? Register

ADVERTISEMENT

Map of California highlighting Tulare County
Animal health officials reported the confirmed cases and exposed horses were in Tulare County. | Wikimedia Commons

On May 20 the California Department of Food and Agriculture reported that 24 horses tested positive for equine infectious anemia (EIA) in Tulare County. Eleven horses were exposed to the virus.

The Equine Disease Communication Center released this information on May 20, 2022. EDCC Health Watch is an Equine Network marketing program that utilizes information from the Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC) to create and disseminate verified equine disease reports. The EDCC is an independent nonprofit organization that is supported by industry donations in order to provide open access to infectious disease information.

About EIA

Equine infectious anemia is a viral disease that attacks horses’ immune systems. The virus is transmitted through the exchange of body fluids from an infected to an uninfected animal, often by blood-feeding insects such as horseflies. It can also be transmitted through the use of blood-contaminated instruments or needles.

Coggins test screens horses’ blood for antibodies that are indicative of the presence of the EIA virus. Most U.S. states require horses to have proof of a negative Coggins test to travel across state lines.

Once an animal is infected with EIA, it is infected for life and can be a reservoir for the spread of disease. Not all horses show signs of disease, but those that do can exhibit:

  • Progressive body condition loss;
  • Muscle weakness;
  • Poor stamina;
  • Fever;
  • Depression; and
  • Anemia.

EIA has no vaccine and no cure. A horse diagnosed with the disease dies, is euthanized, or must be placed under extremely strict quarantine conditions (at least 200 yards away from unaffected equids) for the rest of his life.

Brought to you by Boehringer Ingelheim, The Art of the Horse

Share

Written by:

Sign Up for EDCC Health Alerts

Don’t miss an important EDCC Health Alert! Get alerts delivered straight to your inbox by signing up for The Horse’s newsletter.

"*" indicates required fields

Name*

Additional Offers

Weekly Newsletters
Monthly Newsletters
Other Newsletters
This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

More Alerts

Stay on top of the most recent Horse Health news with

FREE weekly newsletters from TheHorse.com

Sponsored Content

Weekly Poll

sponsored by:

What signs does your horse show when he has gastric ulcers? Please check all that apply.
46 votes · 103 answers

Readers’ Most Popular

Sign In

Don’t have an account? Register for a FREE account here.

Need to update your account?

You need to be logged in to fill out this form

Create a free account with TheHorse.com!