Two Horses in South Carolina Positive for EIA

The Quarter Horses resided in Barnwell County and were euthanized.
Share
Favorite
Close

No account yet? Register

ADVERTISEMENT

Map pf South Carolina highlighting Barnwell County
Two Quarter Horse stallions in Barnwell County, South Carolina, were euthanized after being diagnosed with EIA. | Wikimedia Commons

Two Quarter Horses in Barnwell County, South Carolina, were euthanized after testing positive for equine infectious anemia (EIA). These cases follow two previous diagnoses in Barnwell County in August affecting Quarter Horses involved in Bush Track racing.

Both horses were three-year-old stallions who had been in direct contact with other horses diagnosed with the disease. One horse remains quarantined on the premises and continues to be tested.

EDCC Health Watch is an Equine Network marketing program that utilizes information from the Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC) to create and disseminate verified equine disease reports. The EDCC is an independent nonprofit organization that is supported by industry donations in order to provide open access to infectious disease information.

About EIA

Equine infectious anemia is a viral disease that attacks horses’ immune systems. The virus is transmitted through the exchange of body fluids from an infected to an uninfected animal, often by blood-feeding insects such as horseflies. It can also be transmitted through the use of blood-contaminated instruments or needles.

Coggins test screens horses’ blood for antibodies that are indicative of the presence of the EIA virus. Most U.S. states require horses to have proof of a negative Coggins test to travel across state lines.

Once an animal is infected with EIA, it is infected for life and can be a reservoir for the spread of disease. Not all horses show signs of disease, but those that do can exhibit:

  • Progressive body condition loss;
  • Muscle weakness;
  • Poor stamina;
  • Fever;
  • Depression; and
  • Anemia.

EIA has no vaccine and no cure. A horse diagnosed with the disease dies, is euthanized, or must be placed under extremely strict quarantine conditions (at least 200 yards away from unaffected equids) for the rest of his life.

Brought to you by Boehringer Ingelheim, The Art of the Horse

Share

Written by:

Related Articles

Stay on top of the most recent Horse Health news with

FREE weekly newsletters from TheHorse.com

EDCC Health Alerts

Don’t miss an important EDCC Health Alert! Get alerts delivered straight to your inbox by signing up for The Horse’s newsletter.

"*" indicates required fields

Name*

Additional Offers

Weekly Newsletters
Monthly Newsletters
Other Newsletters
This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

Sign In

Don’t have an account? Register for a FREE account here.

Need to update your account?

You need to be logged in to fill out this form

Create a free account with TheHorse.com!