Reducing the Risks of Infection in Veterinary Practices: Recent Lessons Learned with EIA

Introduction

The subject of infection control has been high profile recently with numerous teaching hospital closures, racetrack and other facility quarantines, newly developed AAEP infection control guidelines, and published monographs.1-3 Despite our increased attention to the subject, we have yet to develop a meaningful set of guidelines based

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Introduction

The subject of infection control has been high profile recently with numerous teaching hospital closures, racetrack and other facility quarantines, newly developed AAEP infection control guidelines, and published monographs.1-3 Despite our increased attention to the subject, we have yet to develop a meaningful set of guidelines based on appropriate science which quantitatively assesses the risks associated with horses shedding influenza, herpesvirus, strangles, EIA, etc. In most cases we rely on total facility shutdown or limit the quarantine to a single barn if prior experience has proven that to be sufficient. Fortunately, many agents shed by horses into the environment have limited survival outside the host and are in relatively low concentrations, especially when compared to the viremia of West Nile virus in the blood of many bird species (often in excess of 10,000,000,000 median infective doses per mL

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