vesicular stomatitis in texas

On June 25 the Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC) issued an update indicating that the USDA has confirmed that a horse in Tom Green County, Texas, has vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV). This is the second facility with cases of vesicular stomatitis in Texas reported this week; the other VSV-positive premises is located in Kinney County.

“The second VSV-positive premises is a rescue facility with two horses and four donkeys present,” the USDA said in the EDCC statement. “One horse presented with lesions of unknown onset date and there are no reported movements or contact with outside animals within the past six months. The affected horse has been isolated from the other animals and the premises is currently quarantined. Epidemiological investigation on this premises is ongoing.”

VSV 101

vesicular stomatitis in texas

Vesicular stomatitis virus can cause blisters and sores in the mouth and on the tongue, muzzle, teats, or hooves of horses, cattle, swine, sheep, goats, llamas and a number of other animals. Lesions usually heal in two or three weeks.

Because of VSV’s contagious nature and its resemblance to other diseases such as foot-and-mouth disease, animal health officials urge livestock owners and caretakers to report these symptoms to their veterinarian immediately. Most animals recover with supportive care by a veterinarian.

Some states and other countries might restrict movement of, or impose additional requirements for, susceptible animals from states having known VS cases. Before moving livestock, contact the state of destination for their requirements.