Equine Castration Complications Reviewed
“Complications that result from castration, including scrotal swelling, edema (fluid swelling), hemorrhage, incisional infections, bacterial infection of the spermatic cord, omental (the omentum is a fold of the abdominal tissue surrounding the organs) herniation, eventration (a segment of small intestine travels from the abdomen down through the inguinal canal), penile trauma, hydrocele formation (a collection of fluid within the vaginal cavity, where the testicle resided), and peritonitis (inflammation of the membrane lining the abdomen) have been reported,” explained Isabelle Kilcoyne, MVB. “Most postoperative complications are mild and not considered life-threatening, but eventration, hemorrhage, and peritonitis may be fatal.”
To gain a better understanding of complication rates and to identify possible risk factors, Kilcoyne, an equine surgery resident at UC Davis’ William R. Pritchard Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital (VMTH), and colleagues conducted a retrospective study in which they reviewed castration complications in an ambulatory practice over a 10-year period.
“A complete understanding of these factors can help veterinarians minimize the development of these complications and treat them more effectively when they do occur,” she
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