My last post was an overview of heart sounds and function. Commonly, the heart and lungs are considered as synchronous systems where cardiac function and lung function are referred to frequently as the cardio-pulmonary system. Think of the living cells of your body and that of your horses’ needing oxygen to stay alive while having to remove the waste product of metabolism, carbon dioxide. We need a system to pick up the oxygen, take it to the tissue cells, grab the waste, and remove it from the body.
Get to Know Your Lungs
Obviously, we breathe in oxygen from the air into our lungs and transport and exchange it through our blood transport system. The heart pumps oxygenated blood to capillaries in our tissue, then pumps deoxygenated blood back to the lungs, exchanges it again and we exhale the used carbon dioxide from our lungs. That exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide must be precise to sustain the balance of life. The balance is called the ventilation (lungs) to perfusion (circulation) ratio. If an imbalance of either blood circulatory function or lung air function is present, we will be sick, unable to perform, or could even die.
Lung function has a seemingly simple task: to oxygenate cells efficiently. It is really a complex process that requires blood flow with rate adjustments, changes in blood vessel size and pressures, blood components such as hemoglobin to be the carrier, sensors from the brain and vessels to detect acid and alkaline imbalances, and precise tissue thicknesses between the lung alveoli and the blood capillaries for optimum gas exchange.