Initial Results From UK Indoor Horse Arena Survey Released

When University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food and Environment graduate student Staci McGill set out to learn more about the air quality of indoor horse arenas last year, she was surprised to discover there wasn’t any existing research available. So she forged the way with first-of-its-kind research, melding her passion for riding with her academic interests.

In May 2018 she launched a survey about indoor arenas in partnership with UK’s College of Public Health and facility design experts within the College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. With the survey she aimed to gather information on arena design and construction, footing, maintenance, and the arena environment. It asked owners, managers, and riders about arena construction characteristics, air quality, arena footing, and associated health outcomes in horses and humans.

The online survey garnered more than 450 respondents, and initial findings indicate that 77% of respondents are concerned about dust, moisture levels, and/or the lack of air movement.

“It’s mind-blowing that this hasn’t been done before,” said McGill, a graduate student in the Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering. “We know these issues exist, but no one has ever documented the concerns.”

Initial Results From UK Indoor Horse Arena Survey Released

“This amazing team is an important collaboration,” said Kimberly Tumlin, PhD, MS, MPH, assistant professor in the Department of Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health, College of Public Health. “Together we can positively impact horse and human health by establishing conditions that are health protective. We know that horse-human interactions have many positive outcomes. This research helps define environments and potential exposures that may affect the quality of these interactions.”

McGill’s team is releasing some of the initial findings in an infographic and expects the study to generate several areas of additional research.

The facility design and use information shows trends in arena age and construction costs. An example of changing trends is lighting. The use of LEDs has increased, while the use of metal halide lights has decreased dramatically. LEDs look to be surpassing even fluorescents in newly built arenas. The size of the arenas has shifted to greater square footages in newer arenas and, as expected, larger arenas tend to be more expensive to build.

The definition of an indoor arena varies by where respondents live and how their climate impacts horse sport participation. Primary riding disciplines, wall and window configuration, and footing materials, such as the presence of fiber, varied by region, as well.

The major finding is that the arena is a complex environment. Facility design, management, footing, usage, and amount of horse activity within the space all interact to affect the environment in an indoor arena.

McGill said next steps include tackling the three big issues of dust, moisture, and lack of air movement using a systems approach. A multidisciplinary team is critical to providing solutions and guidance that will work for the equine industry. She is still interested in conducting site visits to facilities of all breeds and disciplines as part of this research. Facilities interested in a site visit or people who have questions about the research should reach out to her directly at

Holly Wiemers, MA, APR, is communications and managing director for UK Ag Equine Programs.

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More information on Gluck Equine Research Center and UK Ag Equine Programs.