Minerals of the Month: Sodium and Chloride

Sweat contains electrolytes (including sodium and chloride), so heavily exercising horses have significantly higher dietary requirements for both minerals than their idle counterparts. Here’s what to know.
Please login

No account yet? Register


sodium and chloride for horses
Sweat contains electrolytes which means heavily exercising horses have significantly higher dietary Na and Cl requirements than their idle counterparts. | Photo: Stephanie L. Church/The Horse

It’s common practice to provide the minerals sodium (Na) and chloride (Cl) together in the form of sodium chloride or common salt.

Interestingly, a substantial portion of history appears linked to the human race’s desire to seek out and obtain salt. Historically, salt was associated with wealth and consequently a popular item used for trading purposes, and extracting salt from salt-containing water sources was already an established practice for thousands of years B.C.

Although often discussed together, Na and Cl each play distinguished roles within the body. Sodium is involved in central nervous system function, which includes nerve impulse transmission and transporting numerous substances (e.g. glucose) across cell membranes. In addition, it is an important electrolyte involved in maintaining body fluids’ acid-base balance and osmotic pressure regulation

Create a free account with TheHorse.com to view this content.

TheHorse.com is home to thousands of free articles about horse health care. In order to access some of our exclusive free content, you must be signed into TheHorse.com.

Start your free account today!

Already have an account?
and continue reading.


Written by:

Related Articles

Stay on top of the most recent Horse Health news with

FREE weekly newsletters from TheHorse.com

Sponsored Content

Weekly Poll

sponsored by:

Which is your favorite Olympic equestrian event?
117 votes · 117 answers

Readers’ Most Popular

Sign In

Don’t have an account? Register for a FREE account here.

Need to update your account?

You need to be logged in to fill out this form

Create a free account with TheHorse.com!