Consider Hysteroscopy During Mare Breeding Soundness Exams
Veterinarians have a variety of tools at their disposal when it comes to diagnosing fertility issues in mares, including transrectal palpation, ultrasound, endometrial culture, cytology, and biopsy. One that might not be a part of every reproduction practitioner’s arsenal, however, is hysteroscopy, in which the veterinarian runs a flexible endoscope through the uterus to check for abnormalities.
Rood & Riddle Equine Hospital reproductive specialties team member Etta Bradecamp, DVM, Dipl. ACT, ABVP, described this procedure and its common findings at the 2016 Theriogenology Conference, held July 27-30 in Asheville, North Carolina.
“Hysteroscopy is included as part of a breeding soundness exam for most mares presented for infertility at Rood & Riddle Equine Hospital,” she said. “I often get asked what percentage of the findings are abnormal, and I just have to guess.”
So she performed a retrospective study of 108 hysteroscopic evaluations performed as part of breeding exams at the hospital between 2008 and 2015 and identified pathology (damage or disease) in 41.6% (45/108) of the cases. Specifically, she
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