Missouri Adds Two Counties to its VSV-Infected List
In its Aug. 13 Situation Report, the USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) announced two new counties with confirmed positive equine premises with vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV): Camden and Douglas. Each county contains one positive premises.

Newly infected premises were also quarantined in the following counties:

  • Jasper (one new suspect equine premises);
  • Lawrence (one new suspect equine premises);
  • McDonald (one new confirmed positive and one new suspect equine premises); and
  • Newton (three new suspect equine premises).

Since its last Situation Report on Aug. 6, 14 previously VSV-infected or suspect premises have been released from quarantine in Cedar, Jasper, Newton, Ozark, and St. Clair counties.

Since the Missouri outbreak began on July 13, nine counties have been identified with confirmed positive or suspect premises. Premises released from quarantine number 30, and 16 premises remain quarantined in the following counties:

  • Camden (1)
  • Cedar (2)
  • Douglas (1)
  • Jasper (1)
  • Lawrence (1)
  • McDonald (6)
  • Newton (3)
  • Ozark (1)

Premises with confirmed positive and suspect cases are quarantined and monitored by veterinarians for at least 14 days from the onset of lesions in the last animal affected on the premise.

VS 101

Vesicular stomatitis virus can cause blisters and sores in the mouth and on the tongue, muzzle, teats, or hooves of horses, cattle, swine, sheep, goats, llamas, and a number of other animals. Lesions usually heal in two or three weeks.

Because of the virus’ contagious nature and its resemblance to other diseases such as foot-and-mouth disease, animal health officials urge livestock owners and caretakers to report these symptoms to their veterinarian immediately. Most animals recover with supportive care by a veterinarian.

“Vesicular stomatitis has been confirmed only in the Western Hemisphere,” APHIS said on its website. “It is known to be an endemic disease in the warmer regions of North, Central, and South America, and outbreaks of the disease in other temperate geographic parts of the hemisphere occur sporadically. The Southwestern and Western United States have experienced a number of vesicular stomatitis outbreaks … Outbreaks usually occur during the warmer months, often along waterways.” According to Angela Pelzel McCluskey, DVM, APHIS’ equine epidemiologist, the largest VS outbreak in more than 40 years of recorded history occurred in 2019.

Some states and other countries might restrict movement of, or impose additional requirements for, susceptible animals from states having known VS cases. Before moving livestock, contact the state of destination for its requirements.