To better determine how nose twitching influences horses, Ahmed Ali, BVSc, MS, of Michigan State University’s (MSU) Department of Animal Sciences as well as Cairo University’s Animal Management and Behaviour Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, in Egypt, compared horses’ behaviors and heart rate with and without twitch application. Camie Heleski, PhD, animal behavior and welfare instructor at MSU, presented the results on his behalf at the 11th annual International Society of Equitat
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