Pros and Cons of Feeding Horses Beet Pulp
Q. I have some questions about feeding beet pulp.
- Is it a forage or concentrate? Should it have added molasses or should it be plain?
- Should it be in flake- or pellet-form?
- What’s the correct water to beet pulp ratio?
- How much should a horse eat per pound of body weight, and do you measure it with the beet pulp soaked or un-soaked?
- What supplements should be included if any to ensure balanced nutrition?
I’d appreciate any input you have on the pros and cons of feeding beet pulp.
A. Beet pulp has long been a mainstay in many feed rooms, especially during the winter months. People often incorrectly think of it as a concentrate because in many cases it is fed instead of or alongside grain; however, in reality, it is actually a forage. Relatively high in hemicellulose, a fermentable fiber, beet pulp digestion relies on microbial fermentation in the hindgut. This makes it a feed closer to pasture and hay than traditional concentrates such as oats, which are high in starch and require enzymatic digestion in the small intestine. Yet, when it comes to the calories supplied per pound it compares more closely to oats than hay. This is what makes it such a good choice for hard-keeping horses.
A by-product of the sugar beet industry, beet pulp is what remains after the sugar is removed. Therefore, despite the name the sugar content is low. In fact, it is low enough to be safe for horses with insulin resistance (IR) or polysaccharide storage myopathy (PSSM) as long as it does not have any added molasses. Beet pulp with molasses is often less dusty and might be more palatable, but it’s not safe for horses with IR, PSSM, or hyperkalemic periodic paralysis (HYPP). If you cannot find molasses-free beet pulp, you can soak beet pulp and then rinse it before feeding to wash off the
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