Editor’s Note: This article is part of TheHorse.com’s ongoing coverage of topics presented at the British Equine Veterinary Association’s 51st annual Congress, held Sept. 12-15 in Birmingham, U.K.
Joint disease is well-recognized as one of the main causes of wastage in performance horses. This is mainly due to the fact that joint cartilage, once damaged, has an extremely low healing capacity, particularly in mature horses. In his study presented at the British Equine Veterinary Association’s 51st annual Congress, held Sept. 12-15 in Birmingham, U.K., René van Weeren, DVM, PhD, Dipl. ECVS, from the University of Utrecht’s Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, in the Netherlands, hypothesized that early exercise in young horses can help condition articular cartilage and prevent or delay future joint disorders.
His first explained that joint cartilage’s low healing ability is in part due to collagen type II’s (which forms the backbone of the cartilage’s extracellular matrix) extremely long turnover time of 120-350 years. "These turnover times apply to mature individuals but obviously not to young, growing individuals in which there is an active process of continuous remodeling," van Weeren explained. "Therefore, one could suppose that if cartilage is to be conditioned (like muscular tissue or bone), this can only be achieved at a young age."
In van Weeren’s study, he and colleagues evaluated 43 foals (starting at one week of age) that were separated into three groups: 24-hour stall rest; 24-hour pasture; and stalled with thirty minutes of gallop sprints per day. He